Pacinian corpuscles

Riprogram the neuromuscular system by acting on the Central Nervous System.

Our HumanTecar® SYNERGY VISS technology is the outcome of scientific researches on vibration conducted in the field of neurophysiology. Thanks to an exchange of information with the Central Nervous System, SYNERGY VISS activates neuromotor controls, thus reprogramming the neuromuscular system. By means of square-wave, focused mechano-acoustic vibration, it is possible to enhance muscular coordination, inhibit pain and facilitate functional recovery, for immediate, effective and stable results.

The Neuromuscular System.
The source of movement.

The neuromuscular system is a circuit composed by sensory receptors, afferent nerve fibers that carry signals towards the Central Nervous System, efferent motor neurons and muscle fibres. This system is essential to movements of the body, motor response to external stimuli, the control of muscle tone and strength, posture, balance and proprioception.

The neuromuscular system receives sensory information from the environment via specific receptors. Its adaptability is remarkable, since the Central Nervous System processes incoming signals, and is able to change and evolve, based on the information received.

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Pacinian corpuscles.

Pacinian corpuscles play a fundamental role in modulating and reprogramming the neuromuscular system. Prior to focused mechano-acoustic vibration, no adequate form of energy had been found that could activate these mechanoreceptors in a swift and selective manner.

Pacinian corpuscles are also known as lamellar corpuscles: they are nerve endings covered by lamellae of connective tissue. When the lamellae are sufficiently deformed due to either pressure or release of pressure, the nerve fibre sends a signal to the Central Nervous System.

EXTEROCEPTORS
Respond to external stimuli.

UNIMODAL
Exclusively respond to pressure stimuli of a specific strength and frequency.

PHASIC
Rapidly adapt, so they are activated when stimulus begins and when it is removed.

SIGNAL TRANSMITTED BY RECEPTOR

STIMULUS

How Pacinian corpuscles are activated.

The lamellar corpuscles  are located in the deep dermis and can only be activated by means of a pressure stimulus with a certain intensity and frequency.
Pressure: the force applied to Pacinian corpuscles influences the intensity of the afferent signal transmitted to the Central Nervous System.
Frequency: the corpuscles are only activated by pressure stimuli with a frequency above 60 Hz, and their optimal sensitivity is at 250-300 Hz, when stimulus shows maximum efficiency.

Afferent and efferent signals: communication betwenn internal and external environment.

The afferent signal is an incoming impulse from sensory receptors which carries information to the Central Nervous System. It reaches the spinal cord, then the thalamus and, lastly, the encephalon, which processes the impulse and generates a consequent response.

This kind of response constitutes the efferent signal, i.e. the “message” that is sent from the encephalon to the muscle from which the stimulus originated.

The greater the intensity of the afferent signal originated from the Pacinian corpuscles, the greater is that of the efferent signal. An intense efferent signal will activate a higher number of muscle fibres during movement, correspondingly obtaining better, faster results.

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